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Of the larger countries1, Bangladesh is the most densely-populated with 1,252 people per square kilometer; this is almost three times as dense as its neighbour, India. It’s followed by Lebanon (595), South Korea (528), the Netherlands (508) and Rwanda (495 per km2) completing the top five.
In recent years a few countries, primarily in Eastern and Southern Europe, have reached a negative rate of natural increase as their death rates are higher than their birth rates. Possible examples of Stage 5 countries are Croatia, Estonia, Germany, Greece, Japan, Portugal and Ukraine.
Here are the fastest-shrinking countries in the world:
Examples of this emerging trend are Japan, whose population is currently (2015–2020) declining at the rate of 0.2% per year, and China, whose population could start declining in 2027 or sooner. By 2050, Europe’s population is projected to be declining at the rate of 0.3% per year.
Some countries like Ireland, Germany, Portugal, and Poland, have already reached zero population growth. At the extreme, other countries are experiencing negative population growth. Again, this means more deaths and emigration, or the leaving of a country, than births and immigration, or entering of a country.
According to the Population Reference Bureau, Austria and Russia had zero population growth rates in 2014. The following countries had growth rates within one tenth of zero: Slovenia, Spain, Italy, Greece, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovakia, Belarus, Monaco, Estonia, Finland, Denmark, and Taiwan.
When a population grows, its growth rate is a positive number (greater than 0). A negative growth rate (less than 0) would mean a population size gets smaller, reducing the number of people inhabiting that country.
Therefore, a country that has reached zero population growth has a population where births plus immigration is equal to deaths plus emigration over the course of a year. There are several countries around the world that are at or near ZPG, including Iceland, Germany, Portugal, and Poland.
A report issued by the OECD in 2016 ranks Israel as the country with the highest rates of poverty among its members. Approximately 21 percent of Israelis were found to be living under the poverty line – more than in countries such as Mexico, Turkey, and Chile. The OECD average is a poverty rate of 11 percent.
These countries have capitalist economies. To be classified as a First World country, several factors are considered….First World Countries 2021.
|Country||Human Development Index||2021 Population|
As an Israeli who visited some first world countries (USA, France, Germany..), Israel is a first world country with a third world population.