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By 1936 the government had collectivized almost all the peasantry. This caused a major famine in the countryside (1932–33) and the deaths of millions of peasants. Despite these great costs, the forced collectivization achieved the final establishment of Soviet power in the countryside.
Forced collectivization of the remaining peasants, which was often fiercely resisted, resulted in a disastrous disruption of agricultural productivity and a catastrophic famine in 1932-33. Forced collectivization helped achieve Stalin’s goal of rapid industrialization, but the human costs were incalculable.
The idea of collective farms was seen by peasants as a revival of serfdom. In Ukraine this policy had a dramatic effect on the Ukrainian ethnic population and its culture as 86% of the population lived in rural settings.
The result of Stalin’s policies was the Great Famine (Holodomor) of 1932–33—a man-made demographic catastrophe unprecedented in peacetime. Its deliberate nature is underscored by the fact that no physical basis for famine existed in Ukraine.
Answer: To develop modern forms and run them along industrial lives with machinery, it was necessary to eliminate Kulaks, take away land from peasants and establish state controlled large farms.
Answer. Answer:They were basically rich peasants,who burnt they’re own farms,could afford much more than an average peasant,including large amounts of cows and other animals,and they were being replaced which is why it was necessary to eliminate them.
Answer: KULAKS”’ The kulaks were a category of affluent peasants in the later Russian Empire, Soviet Russia and the early Soviet Union. The word kulak originally referred to independent farmers in the Russian Empire. ”’KOLKHOZ”’ The Kolkhoz were collective farm in the former Soviet Union.
Complete step by step answer The kulaks in Russia were Rich farmers. They were well to do peasants who owned their own land and were considered to be the landlords of rural Russia. They owned large farms, headed several cattles and horses, and were financially capable of employing hired labour and leasing land.
Kulak, (Russian: “fist”), in Russian and Soviet history, a wealthy or prosperous peasant, generally characterized as one who owned a relatively large farm and several head of cattle and horses and who was financially capable of employing hired labour and leasing land.
Kulaks:- The Kulaks were the wealthiest peasants in the Soviet and Russian history. They were also known as Golchomag. They owned 24 acres or more land or had employed farmworkers. They were characterized with huge pieces of land and several herds of cattle which made the financially stable.
The well to do Russian peasants were called Kulaks. They were richer than most of the farmers owning a larger farming land in addition to a large number of cattle. Before the war, these peasants also took part in forming the union policies.