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The AFL (American Federation of Labor) and the CIO (Congress for Industrial Organization) merged in 1955 because change had occurred in their political culture when Communism ideas started taking over. The AFL was formed in 1886 with Samuel Gompers as their first president.
The AFL-CIO’s first president, George Meany, spoke to the new federation’s first convention in New York on Dec. 5, 1955.
American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations
The mission of the AFL-CIO is to improve the lives of working families — to bring economic justice to the workplace and social justice to our nation.
Under Sweeney and the federation’s former political director Steven Rosenthal (who subsequently founded America Coming Together), the AFL-CIO has been tremendously successful in increasing turnout among voters in union households through coordinated worker-to-worker contact.
The AFL-CIO represents 55 member unions, a sprawling, fractious coalition of teachers, municipal employees, steelworkers, and journalists—as well as the 100,000 law enforcement officers who belong to the International Union of Police Associations.
The Congress for Industrial Organization was founded on November 9, 1935, by eight international unions belonging to the American Federation of Labor. In its statement of purpose, the CIO said it had formed to encourage the AFL to organize workers in mass production industries along industrial union lines.
One year later, the CIO created the Committee to Abolish Racial Discrimination, which focused on combatting discrimination related to job assignments and promotions. The Black Worker, newspaper of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, July 1937, front page reproduction.
trade unions The expelled unions formed the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO), which by 1941 had assured the success of industrial unionism by organizing the steel and automobile industries.
Known simply as the American Federation of Labor (AFL) at its founding in 1886, the Congress of Industrial Organizations (CIO) was added in 1955 to represent the coming together of two different sectors of the labor movement. … in 1935, a split occurred in the labor movement over how unions should be organized.
These were the Minneapolis Teamsters Strike, the West Coast Longshore Strike, and the Toledo Auto-Lite strike. Victorious industrial unions with militant left-wing leadershipscatalyzed the rise of the CIO. Shortly after the AFL’s convention in Atlantic City in 1935, John L.
The American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (AFSCME) is the country’s largest union for public service employees. With more than 1.6 million active and retired members, it consists of nurses, child-care workers, EMTs, correction officers, sanitation workers and more.