Start Searching the Answers
The Internet has many places to ask questions about anything imaginable and find past answers on almost everything.
The third part of the Summa, therefore, deals with the life of Christ. In order to follow the way prescribed by this perfect man, in order to live with God’s grace (which is necessary for man’s salvation), the Sacraments have been provided; the final part of the Summa considers the Sacraments.
The Catholic Church honors Thomas Aquinas as a saint and regards him as the model teacher for those studying for the priesthood, and indeed the highest expression of both natural reason and speculative theology. Thomas Aquinas is considered one of the Catholic Church’s greatest theologians and philosophers.
Aquinas defines a law as “an ordinance of reason for the common good, made by him who has care of the community, and promulgated.” Law is an ordinance of reason because it must be reasonable or based in reason and not merely in the will of the legislator. Strictly speaking, this is a definition of human law.
By “Eternal Law’” Aquinas means God’s rational purpose and plan for all things. And because the Eternal Law is part of God’s mind then it has always, and will always, exist. The Eternal Law is not simply something that God decided at some point to write.
Theological ethics is drawn to natural law for two fundamental reasons. First, it advances a form of moral realism which affirms that moral standards are based in reality, and in this sense ‘objective’, rather than manufactured by human decisions.
Man-made law is law that is made by humans, usually considered in opposition to concepts like natural law or divine law. In the view dominant in the modern period, man-made law is thought of as primary because it is man-made. The Soviet Union went further, not recognizing any such thing as divine or natural law.
When something is artificial, or man-made, it has been made by humans, not nature. For example, an artificial satellite is one made by humans, while a natural satellite is a satellite that was not made by humans. Many artificial things imitate or copy things found in nature.
The first example of natural law includes the idea that it is universally accepted and understood that killing a human being is wrong. The second example includes the idea that two people create a child, and they then become the parents and natural caregivers for that child.