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in psychoanalytic theory, wishes, impulses, aims, and drives of which the self is not aware. Examples of behavior produced by unconscious motivation are purposive accidents, slips of the tongue, and dreams that express unfulfilled wishes.
Unconscious Motivation refers to hidden and unknown desires that are the real reasons for things that people do. An example is when someone is unable to stay in a long-term relationship and always finds a reason to break off his relationships.
Unconscious motivation plays a prominent role in Sigmund Freud’s theories of human behavior. According to Freud and his followers, most human behavior is the result of desires, impulses, and memories that have been repressed into an unconscious state, yet still influence actions.
The unconscious can include repressed feelings, hidden memories, habits, thoughts, desires, and reactions. Memories and emotions that are too painful, embarrassing, shameful, or distressing to consciously face are stored in the enormous reservoir that makes up the unconscious mind.
Because the function of breathing is something we do both voluntarily and involuntarily, it allows us to directly affect the autonomic (involuntary) nervous system. Slow, sustained, conscious breathing produces different brain wave activity than is present under normal conditions.
When death has occurred the person stops breathing and their heart stops beating. They will not respond to any stimulation and their mouth may fall slightly open. Their eyes may also be open but the pupils will be large and fixed on one spot. They may also have lost control of their bladder and bowel.
Call or tell someone to call 911. Check the person’s airway, breathing, and pulse frequently. If necessary, begin CPR. If the person is breathing and lying on their back, and you do not think there is a spinal injury, carefully roll the person toward you onto their side.
If a person is not breathing, it may be necessary to perform CPR. Unconsciousness is an unresponsive state. A person who is unconscious may seem like they are sleeping, but may not respond to outside events, such as loud noises or being touched or shaken.
It depends on the severity of the injury. If you lose consciousness briefly, and suffer a concussion, 75 to 90 percent of people will fully recover in a few months. But severe damage to the brain can cause unconsciousness for days, weeks, or even longer.
Twenty-five percent of all unconscious patients can hear, understand, and emotionally respond to what is happening in their external environment. However, because of their medical condition, they are incapable of moving or communicating their awareness.
People who become unconscious don’t respond to loud sounds or shaking. They may even stop breathing or their pulse may become faint. This calls for immediate emergency attention.
A comatose patient may open his eyes, move and even cry while still remaining unconscious. His brain-stem reflexes are attached to a nonfunctioning cortex.
Sleep is a unique state of consciousness; it lacks full awareness but the brain is still active. People generally follow a “biological clock” that impacts when they naturally become drowsy, when they fall asleep, and the time they naturally awaken.
You will find inside this lesson, underneath the video (above), a schematic drawing of these five levels of Consciousness.
The 7 Levels of Awareness are: