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Hellenization (other British spelling Hellenisation) or Hellenism is the historical spread of ancient Greek culture, religion, and, to a lesser extent, language over foreign peoples conquered by Greeks or brought into their sphere of influence, particularly during the Hellenistic period following the campaigns of …
The Greeks spread their ideas and culture throughout the Mediterranean by establishing new colonies in the region and by trading with the various peoples in the region.
The greeks spread their cultural and political ideas through the mediterranean mostly by their own citizens moving throughout the mediterranean and establishing colonies. This also lead to increased trade with local people and thus the spread of ideas with local people.
Many ancient Greeks started colonies across nearby seas in order to farm and trade. Later groups started colonies in Spain, France, Italy, and Africa, and along the coast of the Black Sea. These colonies helped spread Greek culture. Some flourished through farming and trade.
The Greeks would import, or buy trade items from foreign kingdoms, items like wheat, barley, pork, cheese, glass, and ivory. They sold their own items to those foreign powers, meaning they would export the things they were best at, namely olive oil and wine.
Triremes cost huge amounts of money to build, equip and crew, and the Athenian financial elites were the ones that paid to make it happen. The top 1% of male property owners supported the saving or salvation of Athens –called “soteria” – by performing a special kind of public service called “leitourgia,” or liturgy.
Under the Athenian Pericles, the Athenians moved the treasury of the league to Athens. The city also continued to consolidate and take monetary resources, increasing its wealth and power. The cities and regions that followed Athens essentially formed an empire under Athens’ leadership by the 450s.
Constant war divided the Greek city-states into shifting alliances; it was also very costly to all the citizens. Eventually the Empire became a dictatorship and the people were less involved in government. There was increasing tension and conflict between the ruling aristocracy and the poorer classes.
The Athenian Empire developed from the voluntary association of Greek states called the Delian League, formed after the Persian invasion and defeat in 480-479 BC. Almost all subject states paid tribute to Athens, followed Athenian foreign policy and used Athenian coinage, weights and measures.