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What effects did the Peloponnesian War have on Greece?

What effects did the Peloponnesian War have on Greece?

The two most powerful city-states in ancient Greece, Athens and Sparta, went to war with each other from 431 to 405 B.C. The Peloponnesian War marked a significant power shift in ancient Greece, favoring Sparta, and also ushered in a period of regional decline that signaled the end of what is considered the Golden Age …

What outcome did the Peloponnesian War have on ancient Greece quizlet?

What impact did the outcome of the Peloponnesian War have on Greece? The Greek empire doubled in size. The Greek empire split, granting Sparta independence. The Greek Golden Age started to come to an end.

What outcome did the Peloponnesian War?

The Peloponnesian War ended in victory for Sparta and its allies, and led directly to the rising naval power of Sparta. However, it marked the demise of Athenian naval and political hegemony throughout the Mediterranean.

What outcome did the Peloponnesian War have on ancient Greece united city-states against a foreign enemy led to conquest of distant lands and peoples weakened the power of Athens encouraged Sparta to expand trade?

The correct answer is C) weakened the power of Athens. Athens began the war as the strongest city-state in Greece and at the end, Sparta took over the Athenian empire and reduced it to a state of near complete subjection and complete devastation of the city.

Why is the polis so important as it develops in ancient Greece?

The term polis, which in archaic Greece meant “city”, changed with the development of the governance center in the city to signify “state” (which included its surrounding villages). The body of citizens came to be the most important meaning of the term polis in ancient Greece.

Which city state of ancient Greece was built on the concept of the glory of war?

Pericles is perhaps most famous for his great building projects. He wanted to establish Athens as the leader of the Greek world and wanted to build an acropolis that represented the city’s glory. This magnificent structure was a temple to the goddess Athena. It was built between the years 447 BC and 438 BC.

Which city state of ancient Greece was built on the concept of the glory of war quizlet?

Athens

Who destroyed the Acropolis?

After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis….

Parthenon
Completed 432 BC
Destroyed Partially on 26 September 1687
Height 13.72 m (45.0 ft)
Dimensions

Did slaves build the Acropolis?

Yes, it is likely that slaves served as most or even all of the labor force for the Parthenon, given that the Athenian government owned many slaves…

Why did Athens rebuild the Acropolis?

When the Acropolis was ransacked by the Persians in 580 BC, the Athenians vowed never to rebuild on it. But thirty-three years later, the great statesmen Pericles persuaded the popular assembly to rebuild on it as a lasting testament to the glory of democratic Athens and its empire.

What happened to the Acropolis?

There’s no recorded history of what happened at the Acropolis before the Mycenaeans cultivated it during the end of the Bronze Age. In 480 B.C., the Persians attacked again and burned, leveled and looted the Old Parthenon and almost every other structure at the Acropolis.

Why do Greek temples face east?

The Greeks, of course, in common with many people viewed the eastward direction of the rising sun as generally auspicious, and the west with its connexion with the setting sun and, by analogy, death, as inauspicious. Religion, 2 (Berlin, 1907), 244-74. B.C. and the first century B.C. iI1 Greek lands.

What is the most famous Acropolis?

The most famous acropolis is the one in Athens. The Athenian Acropolis is home to one of the most famous buildings in the world: the Parthenon. This temple was built for the goddess Athena. It was decorated with beautiful sculptures which represent the greatest achievement of Greek artists.

What is inside the Acropolis?

The extraordinary gold and ivory statue of Athena, Pheidia’s masterpiece which stood 13 m high with its base, dominated the centre of the temple of the goddess, and the 9 m high statue of Athena Promachos, also by Pheidias, rose imposingly between the Parthenon and the Erechtheion.

What is the difference between the Parthenon and the Acropolis?

Acropolis is the area the Parthenon sits on. What’s the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.

What is another word for Acropolis?

What is another word for acropolis?

fort fortress
tower bastion
garrison hold
burg donjon
turret alcazar

What’s the opposite of Acropolis?

A quiet hill opposing Acropolis is Philopappos Hill, its history is as long as that of Acropolis can be, however, visitors are much fewer than Acropolis. The Hill not only provides scenery but also historical insights such as Socrates’s prison, Observatory, church, and Monument for Philopappos.

What does the word agora mean?

Agora, in ancient Greek cities, an open space that served as a meeting ground for various activities of the citizens. The name, first found in the works of Homer, connotes both the assembly of the people as well as the physical setting.

What is the literal meaning of Acropolis?

The word acropolis literally means in Greek “upper city,” and though associated primarily with the Greek cities Athens, Argos (with Larissa), Thebes (with Cadmea), and Corinth (with its Acrocorinth), may be applied generically to all such citadels, including Rome, Carthage, Jerusalem, Celtic Bratislava, many in Asia …

What do Socrates mean?

/ˈsɒk.rə.tiːz/ an ancient Greek philosopher (= a person who studies the meaning of life): Speak of Greek antiquity, and most people will call to mind the golden age of 5th century BC Athens – the time of Socrates, Plato, Thucydides, Sophocles, and Pericles. More examples.

What does Artisan mean?

1 : a worker who practices a trade or handicraft : craftsperson a skilled artisan. 2 : a person or company that produces something (such as cheese or wine) in limited quantities often using traditional methods —often used before another noun artisan breads.

What is artisan in your own words?

An artisan (from French: artisan, Italian: artigiano) is a skilled craft worker who makes or creates material objects partly or entirely by hand.

How did a person become an artisan?

How did a person become an artisan? Someone can become an artisan by being an apprentice at first. What was daily life like for children who grew up on farms during colonial times? They did as much work as apprentices did.

What is an example of artisan?

The definition of an artisan is a skilled worker or craftsman. A baker of specialty breads is an example of an artisan. A skilled manual worker who uses tools and machinery in a particular craft.

What makes a good artisan?

Artisans have exceptionally keen senses, and love working with their hands. They seem right at home with tools, instruments, and vehicles of all kinds, and their actions are usually aimed at getting them where they want to go, and as quickly as possible.

What is the best artisan?

Top 10 Artisans of The World

  • Glass Blowers – Murano, Italy.
  • Knife Makers – Tibet, China.
  • Leather Tanners – Fes, Morocco.
  • Ikebana Flower Arrangers – Japan.
  • Flamenco Guitar Luthiers – Madrid, Spain.
  • Calligraphers – Pakistan.
  • Rug Makers – Turkey.
  • Jade Lapidaries – Hokitika, New Zealand.

What creates artisan?

An artisan is someone that works with their hands to create unique, functional and/or decorative items using traditional techniques. Artisans are masters of their craft and create products such as clothes, toys, tools or furnishings.