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It provides that state courts are bound by the supreme law; in case of conflict between federal and state law, the federal law must be applied. Even state constitutions are subordinate to federal law. The Supreme Court under John Marshall (the Marshall Court) was influential in construing the supremacy clause.
Under the doctrine of preemption, which is based on the Supremacy Clause, federal law preempts state law, even when the laws conflict. Thus, a federal court may require a state to stop certain behavior it believes interferes with, or is in conflict with, federal law.
The purpose of local government is to provide an organized system where councils exercise their power and responsibilities to work together for peace, order and good governance of their municipal districts.
1. Civic Amenities: In the interest of better health and life of citizens, Gram Panchayats would have the powers to make provisions for basic civic amenities. 2. Social Welfare Activities: The Gram Panchayat would keep the records of birth and death in the village, family planning and family welfare etc.
Important Features of Local Self Governments Reservations are provided to SCs and STs according to their population. Reservations are also extended to women. 33.33% of seats are reserved for women in all levels of Local Self Governments. Reservations can be provided to Backward Castes if a State decides so.
Ans: Main functions of the Gram Panchayat are:
The Local Self-government generally unites the people with democracy and encourages them to participate in its activities without any bias or prejudice.
The 73rd amendment act of 1992 is related to the “Panchayats”. The act gave constitutional status to the panchayati raj institutions. Whereas in the urban local body set-up,created by the 74th amendment, there is no three tiered system.