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The Palace of Versailles supported absolutism during King Louis XIV’s reign through propaganda, and control of nobility. Louis XIV used the grandiosity of his Palace and the art inside to promote himself to his people.
King Louis XIV of France
The Peace of Westphalia recognized the full territorial sovereignty of the member states of the empire. The treaty was recognized as a fundamental law of the German constitution and formed the basis of all subsequent treaties until the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806.
The Peace of Westphalia (1648) ended the Thirty Years’ War and laid the foundations for a system of competing, independent European states. The treaty’s terms mandated that European states recognize each other as sovereign and equal.
Two destructive wars were the major triggers behind signing the eventual Peace of Westphalia: the Thirty Years’ War in the Holy Roman Empire and the Eighty Years’ War between Spain and the Dutch Republic. The Thirty Years’ War was a series of wars in Central Europe between 1618 and 1648.
The treaty gave the Swiss independence of Austria and the Netherlands independence of Spain. The German principalities secured their autonomy. Sweden gained territory and a payment in cash, Brandenburg and Bavaria made gains too, and France acquired most of Alsace-Lorraine.
The Peace of Westphalia was a major turning point in European history because it established the foundation for modern international relations, reduced religious conflicts, and created a rise of nationalism among the sovereign nation-states.
The Peace of Westphalia weaken the Catholic Church’s power since it recognized the right of kingdoms to practice Protestantism. The treaties of Westphalia put an end to a period of European history which claimed the lives of roughly eight million people.
The Peace of Augsburg was signed by Charles V, the Holy Roman Emperor, who was a Catholic and the Protestant Schmalkaldic League. The treaty of Augsburg was an attempt to end the series of religious wars that had destabilized the Holy Roman Empire, which was the largest political entity in Europe at the time.
The Peace of Westphalia in 1648 strengthened it even further, through the acquisition of East Pomerania. The second half of the 17th century laid the basis for Prussia to become one of the great players in European politics later on.