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According to John Martin Fischer, human agents do not have free will, but they are still morally responsible for their choices and actions. In a nutshell, Fischer thinks that the kind of control needed for moral responsibility is weaker than the kind of control needed for free will.
In his Essay ‘Is free will an illusion?’ (Nature 459, 164–165; 2009), Martin Heisenberg argues that humans must have free will because freedom of action has been demonstrated in other animals — including those as small as fruitflies and bacteria.
Our actions are in fact literally predestined, determined by the laws of physics, the state of the universe, long before we were born, and, perhaps, by random events at the quantum level. We chose none of this, and so free will does not exist.
Believing in free will helps people exert control over their actions. This is particularly important in helping people make better decisions and behave more virtuously. So, not only is there a value to believing in free will, but those beliefs have profound effects on our thoughts and behaviors.
Free will is so important because it allows humans to rise to incredible heights of creative, intellectual, entrepreneurial and social brilliance that would not be possible without individual choice. That is why we must risk the possibility of evil that comes with freedom.
According to Baumeister (2008), believing in free will increases one’s motivation and willingness to make efforts, therefore resulting in higher self-control. (2014) showed that people who believe in determinism exhibit reduced retributive attitudes toward others.
It may therefore be unsurprising that some studies have shown that people who believe in free will are more likely to have positive life outcomes – such as happiness, academic success and better work performance .
Christians believe that God gave humans free will. This is the ability for humans to make their own decisions. It means that although God made a world and it was good , it is up to humans whether they choose to do good or bad deeds.
Nietzsche rejects free will completely. First, he rejects the notion of the will. Belief in this concept is the result of the structure of our language being mistaken for the structure of reality.
The free will that humans enjoy is similar to that exercised by animals as simple as flies, a scientist has said. The idea may simply require “free will” to be redefined, but tests show that animal behaviour is neither completely constrained nor completely free.
Animals have souls, but most Hindu scholars say that animal souls evolve into the human plane during the reincarnation process. So, yes, animals are a part of the same life-death-rebirth cycle that humans are in, but at some point they cease to be animals and their souls enter human bodies so they can be closer to God.
Cats are incredibly intelligent and intuitive. They have lightning-fast reflexes, quick decision making skills and remarkable dexterity. However, there is no scientific evidence that suggests cats have nine lives. As far as we can tell, our feline friends have one life on this earth, just like everyone else.
‘Your cat might not think and feel like a human, but she does have real, complex emotions that motivate much of her behaviour,’ explains Vicky. In fact, your cat’s emotions, particularly emotions like fear and anxiety, motivate many of her snap decisions and reflexive reactions.
Francis of Assisi saw animals as God’s creatures to be honored and respected,” said Schmeidler, a Capuchin Franciscan. The Catholic Church traditionally teaches that animals do not go to heaven, he said.